Arab Today, arab today leicester university researchers propose third way institution
Last Updated : GMT 07:34:11
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

Balance between specialist and generic subjects urged

Leicester university researchers propose third way institution

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today Leicester university researchers propose third way institution

Researchers in Leicester, UK, have mapped the development of universities
Leicester - Arabstoday

Researchers in Leicester, UK, have mapped the development of universities Researchers in the University of Leicester's (UK) School of Museum Studies are proposing a "new type of university" that combines subject specific and interdisciplinary teaching and research. In a paper published in the prestigious peer-reviewed journal Science Progress, Jenny Walklate and Dr Adair Richards trace the development of universities through the ages and review the merits and drawbacks of traditional ways of working.
Dr Richards observes that students were often forced into studying very narrow subjects early in their careers.
"The answer is not to move to generic problem-solving classes at the expense of specialist knowledge," he said.
"We must develop both deep thinking and broad thinking in our students if we are to successfully combat the complex problems that face us in the 21st Century."
The paper shows how disciplines have flourished since Plato's hierarchical view of a few key subjects and Aristotle's distinguishing between the 'Arts', the 'Practical sciences' and the 'Moral sciences'.
Early universities had a quadririum of arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music, and a tririum of grammar, rhetoric and logic. By the 12th Century philosophy and science were dominant. Renaissance humanism expanded history and rhetoric.
The Scientific Revolution accelerated a development of sciences to eventually include not just the medieval subjects of astronomy, mathematics, optics and medicine but also separate studies of physics, chemistry, biology, geology, meteorology and psychology.
Observation coupled with exploration expanded knowledge in botany, zoology, geography and cartography as fields independent of 'natural philosophy'.
These new disciplines were forming often, in the UK, in technical colleges and polytechnics outside the university - "an institution many considered almost morbidly bound to the work of the ancients".
The 20th Century added professional and technical studies as disciplines in their own right - a perfect example being the authors' own department of Museum Studies, inaugurated at Leicester in 1966.
Walklate and Richards say disciplines are "important, but not immutable". Discrete disciplines have intellectual and social advantages, depth of inquiry and rigour, and valuable social clusters. But change can be seen as a threat, and their very stability - with "permanent concrete truths" – can be a barrier to progress.
Meanwhile the plethora of subjects whose boundaries often cross has given rise to the concept of interdisciplinarity, which has been debated for over 40 years.
But barriers to working across disciplines include potentially misunderstood terminology, subtlety of meaning being lost, and even different meanings of the same term.
Subjects can have different cultures and styles of working; publications tend to be specialist; career structures are different. Therefore there is a vested interest in maintaining the status quo.
To overcome these obstacles, the researchers propose 'a third way' in which subject specific and interdisciplinary approaches can benefit from each other.
They envisage "a symbiotic education system” and a “synthetic” academy supporting both specialist study and training and broader approaches to thinking, and which permits the cross-fertilisation of expertise.
This would bring together subject experts and those with the skills and values of interdisciplinarity, to produce "a more balanced and rigorous approach to the expansion of human knowledge".
Walklate and Richards do not claim to have all the solutions. They aim to stimulate critical thought towards "a tolerant academic culture open to dialogue, collaboration, the recognition of commonalities and differences, and, ultimately, respect".

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today leicester university researchers propose third way institution Arab Today, arab today leicester university researchers propose third way institution

 



Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Nasima Gamei revives Algerian heritage in jewelries

GMT 22:42 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Nasima Gamei revives Algerian heritage in jewelries
Arab Today, arab today Saudis await visitors but will they come?

GMT 11:54 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Saudis await visitors but will they come?
Arab Today, arab today Sarah Belamesh designs antiques of "ceramic"

GMT 19:45 2017 Monday ,20 February

Sarah Belamesh designs antiques of "ceramic"
Arab Today, arab today Blind sheikh buried in Egypt

GMT 06:32 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Blind sheikh buried in Egypt
Arab Today, arab today Media host Mona Iraqi stresses her show's success

GMT 15:32 2017 Wednesday ,22 February

Media host Mona Iraqi stresses her show's success
View News in Arabic - Education: التعليم أخبار
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today To hold social dialogue over secondary school

GMT 07:43 2017 Wednesday ,22 February

To hold social dialogue over secondary school
Arab Today, arab today UK appoints 1st Scotland Yard chief in 188 years

GMT 05:14 2017 Thursday ,23 February

UK appoints 1st Scotland Yard chief in 188 years
Arab Today, arab today Ex-yoga missionary unleashes rage

GMT 12:16 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Ex-yoga missionary unleashes rage
Arab Today, arab today Pluto's unruly moons

GMT 06:31 2015 Thursday ,04 June

Pluto's unruly moons
Arab Today, arab today Tesla back into red but revenue grows

GMT 07:27 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Tesla back into red but revenue grows
Arab Today, arab today Nissan enhances sales in most markets

GMT 14:08 2017 Monday ,20 February

Nissan enhances sales in most markets
Arab Today, arab today Wafaa Amer is happy for Sherihan’s return

GMT 07:36 2017 Wednesday ,22 February

Wafaa Amer is happy for Sherihan’s return
Arab Today, arab today Milan laughs while Rome cries

GMT 10:28 2017 Wednesday ,22 February

Milan laughs while Rome cries

GMT 05:19 2017 Tuesday ,21 February

Salma Rashid happy for 'A Whisper of Love'

GMT 12:35 2017 Tuesday ,21 February

63-Year-Old Woman Delivers Baby

GMT 20:02 2017 Tuesday ,21 February

Nohan Seyam designs beautiful accessories

GMT 15:53 2017 Tuesday ,21 February

Small ponds have outsized impact

GMT 23:29 2017 Thursday ,16 February

Home built on sand castles-style costs $8m

GMT 07:51 2017 Wednesday ,22 February

Mom's immune system accepts babies

GMT 17:46 2017 Saturday ,18 February

Tourist guide reveals methods of tourist attractions

GMT 13:12 2015 Saturday ,09 May

Sheikh Sultan opens Sharjah Centre

GMT 12:22 2017 Monday ,20 February

Kanye West puts hijab-wearing model
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
 
 Arab Today Facebook,arab today facebook  Arab Today Twitter,arab today twitter Arab Today Rss,arab today rss  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday
بناية النخيل - رأس النبع _ خلف السفارة الفرنسية _بيروت - لبنان
arabstoday, Arabstoday, Arabstoday