1901 – Assassination of the 25th President of the United States, William McKinley.
1932 – Capital punishment and life imprisonment abolished in Spain.
1939 – South Africa declares war against Germany in World War II.
1991 – The city of Leningrad restores its original name, St. Petersburg.
1766 – British chemist John Dalton was born.
1808 – Algerian religious and military leader Emir Abdul-kader El-Djezairi was born.
1907 – French poet and winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1901, René Sully Prudhomme passes away.