when ‘healthy eating’ ends up
Last Updated : GMT 12:24:11
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

Making you sick

When ‘healthy eating’ ends up

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today When ‘healthy eating’ ends up

Orthorexia is not an interest in healthy eating.
Paris - Arab Today

People, it seems, have never been so afraid of their food — and, say some experts, an obsession with healthy eating may paradoxically be endangering lives.
Twenty-nine-year-old Frenchwoman Sabrina Debusquat recounts how, over 18 months, she became a vegetarian, then a vegan — eschewing eggs, dairy products and even honey — before becoming a “raw foodist” who avoided all cooked foods, and ultimately decided to eat just fruit.
It was only when her deeply worried boyfriend found clumps of her hair in the bathroom sink and confronted her with the evidence that she realized that she was on a downward path.
“I thought I held the truth to food and health, which would allow me to live as long as possible,” said Debusquat.
“I wanted to get to some kind of pure state. In the end my body overruled my mind.”
For some specialists, the problem is a modern eating disorder called orthorexia nervosa.
Someone suffering from orthorexia is “imprisoned by a range of rules which they impose on themselves,” said Patrick Denoux, a professor in intercultural psychology at the University of Toulouse-Jean Jaures.
These very strict self-enforced laws isolate the individual from social food gatherings and in extreme cases, can also endanger health.
Paris nutritionist Sophie Ortega said she had one patient who was going blind due to deficiency of vitamin B12, which is needed to make red-blood cells.
B12 is not made by the body, and most people get what they need from animal-derived foods such as eggs, dairy products, meat or fish or from supplements.
“A pure, unbending vegan,” her patient even refused to take the supplements, said Ortega. “It was as if she preferred to lose her sight... rather than betray her commitment to animals.”
The term orthorexia nervosa was coined in the 1990s by the then alternative medicine practitioner Steven Bratman, a San Francisco-based physician.
To be clear, orthorexia is not an interest in healthy eating — it’s when enthusiasm becomes a pathological obsession, which leads to social isolation, psychological disturbance and even physical harm. In other words, as Bratman said in a co-authored book in 2000, it’s “a disease disguised as a virtue.”
But as is often the case in disorders that may have complex psychological causes, there is a strong debate as to whether the condition really exists.
The term is trending in western societies, prompting some experts to wonder whether it is being fanned by “cyber-chondria” — self-diagnosis on the Internet.
Orthorexia is not part of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, set down by mental health professionals in the United States that is also widely used as a benchmark elsewhere. The fifth edition of this “bible,” published in 2013, includes anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, but not orthorexia.
“The term orthorexia was proposed as a commonly used term but it is not medically recognized,” said Pierre Dechelotte, head of nutrition at Rouen University Hospital in northern France and head of a research unit investigating the link between the brain and the intestines in food behavior.
Even so, says Dechelotte, it has a home in the family of “restrictive food-related disorders — but it’s not on the radar screen.”
Alain Perroud, a psychiatrist who has worked in France and Switzerland over the course of a 30-year career, says orthorexia “is much closer to a phobia” than to a food disorder.
As with other phobias, the problem may be tackled by cognitive behavioral therapy — talking about incorrect or excessive beliefs, dealing with anxiety-provoking situations and using relaxation techniques and other methods to tackle anxiety, he suggested.
Denoux contends that between two and three percent of the French population suffer from orthorexia, but stresses that there is a lack of reliable data as the condition has not been officially recognized.
Denoux’s figure seems coherent to Dechelotte, who says that women seem to be more than twice as susceptible to the problem as men.
Outside the world of clinicians, orthorexia seems to be creeping into wider usage.
American blogger Jordan Younger has helped to popularize the term, documenting her own painful downward spiral — since reversed — into unhealthy living.
On her blog, she describes it as “a bubble of restriction,” obsessing over a diet that was “entirely vegan, entirely plant-based, entirely gluten-free, oil-free, refined sugar-free, flour-free, dressing/sauce-free, etc.”
Those who seem to be most worried about healthy food are often concerned about food scandals in the West, Pascale Hebel from the Paris-based CREDOC research center told AFP.
Over nearly three decades, Europe has experienced a string of food safety scandals — beginning with mad-cow disease and continuing recently with insecticide-contaminated eggs — as well as mounting opposition to the use of antibiotics, genetically modified foods and corporate farming practices.
The disorder reflects a craving for control, suggested Denoux: food is seen as a form of medicine to fix a western lifestyle that may be seen as polluting or toxic.
“We are living through a time of change in our food culture, which has led us to fundamentally doubt what we are eating,” said Denoux.

 

 

arabstoday
arabstoday

GMT 02:40 2018 Wednesday ,24 January

Sanofi buys US haemophilia treatment firm

GMT 03:09 2018 Sunday ,21 January

Second face transplant for Frenchman

GMT 02:42 2018 Thursday ,18 January

Suppressing a sneeze can be dangerous

GMT 05:29 2018 Tuesday ,16 January

Lactalis feels heat as families rebuff

GMT 03:51 2018 Saturday ,13 January

France laments 'dysfunction'
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

when ‘healthy eating’ ends up when ‘healthy eating’ ends up

 



Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

when ‘healthy eating’ ends up when ‘healthy eating’ ends up

 



Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Skincare PR Performance Full Year 2017

GMT 10:35 2018 Monday ,22 January

Skincare PR Performance Full Year 2017
Arab Today, arab today New hunt for flight MH370 gets under way

GMT 02:36 2018 Wednesday ,24 January

New hunt for flight MH370 gets under way
Arab Today, arab today Modern colorful bedroom renovation

GMT 11:23 2017 Thursday ,21 December

Modern colorful bedroom renovation
Arab Today, arab today France sanctions businesses linked

GMT 01:58 2018 Wednesday ,24 January

France sanctions businesses linked
Arab Today, arab today Turkey detains dozens more

GMT 02:09 2018 Wednesday ,24 January

Turkey detains dozens more
Arab Today, arab today The Rake announces editorial updates

GMT 12:19 2018 Tuesday ,16 January

The Rake announces editorial updates
Arab Today, arab today Europe brings on charm and blue skies

GMT 06:12 2018 Tuesday ,23 January

Europe brings on charm and blue skies
Arab Today, arab today For the Variety of Interior Design Styles

GMT 11:14 2017 Tuesday ,19 December

For the Variety of Interior Design Styles
Arab Today, arab today Puigdemont candidate for Catalan president

GMT 05:31 2018 Tuesday ,23 January

Puigdemont candidate for Catalan president
Arab Today, arab today Amazon to open first cashierless shop

GMT 05:52 2018 Tuesday ,23 January

Amazon to open first cashierless shop

GMT 13:36 2017 Friday ,22 December

Iraqi troops killed six ISIS militants in Mousl

GMT 12:33 2017 Friday ,22 December

Yara denies presenting new talk show

GMT 01:00 2017 Wednesday ,20 December

Saudi and Russia expnad food integration

GMT 14:33 2017 Tuesday ,19 December

German business morale eases back from record high

GMT 12:32 2017 Tuesday ,19 December

UK weather: The latest Sky News forecast

GMT 04:53 2017 Tuesday ,19 December

Egypt’s government signs agreement with Switzerland

GMT 04:27 2017 Tuesday ,19 December

Tensions dominate the Iranian parliament amid fears

GMT 11:35 2017 Monday ,18 December

Putin appreciates U.S intelligence cooperation

GMT 08:05 2017 Monday ,18 December

Mona Zaki reveals details of her new show

GMT 17:32 2017 Sunday ,17 December

Polls open in Chilean presidential election

GMT 07:16 2017 Sunday ,17 December

Yasmine Underlines importance of Fatimid Cairo

GMT 20:34 2018 Saturday ,20 January

Bahrain press headlines

GMT 22:38 2018 Tuesday ,23 January

Bahrain Press headlines

GMT 07:22 2017 Thursday ,23 November

Zimbabwe's next leader heads home after Mugabe exit

GMT 07:23 2017 Thursday ,23 November

Zimbabwe's next leader heads home after Mugabe exit

GMT 16:25 2016 Thursday ,22 December

Italian bank Monte Paschi edges closer to state bailout

GMT 06:41 2018 Saturday ,17 March

testing from boss1

GMT 09:12 2017 Friday ,17 November

Gleam Futures represents Grace Beverley

GMT 06:03 2014 Wednesday ,09 April

Please .. Let Gaza breathe!

GMT 16:33 2014 Thursday ,13 November

Al-Ehtimam Bil Aakhareen

GMT 06:00 2017 Sunday ,29 October

Childrenswear brand Once appoints Dyelog

GMT 16:03 2017 Thursday ,21 December

US hits Myanmar general in new global rights sanctions
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
 
 Arab Today Facebook,arab today facebook  Arab Today Twitter,arab today twitter Arab Today Rss,arab today rss  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday
بناية النخيل - رأس النبع _ خلف السفارة الفرنسية _بيروت - لبنان
arabstoday, Arabstoday, Arabstoday