Arab Today, arab today mauthausen camp of no return that built the third reich
Last Updated : GMT 14:19:06
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

First barracks erected near city of Linz

Mauthausen 'camp of no return' that built the Third Reich

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today Mauthausen 'camp of no return' that built the Third Reich

Barbed wire fence surrounds former Nazi concentration camp Mauthausen in northern Austria
Mauthausen - Arab Today

In 1942, a farmer living next to the Mauthausen concentration camp, in northern Austria, filed a police report about detainees getting shot in the camp's quarry and left to die.

"I ask that those inhumane actions either stop or be carried out where one can't see them," her statement read.

Needless to say, neither of the requests were granted.

Of the 200,000 prisoners who passed through Mauthausen from August 1938 until its liberation on May 5 in 1945, half would die.

It was Nazi Germany's only category III camp, the most brutal destination for "incorrigible political enemies of the Third Reich".

The detainees included large numbers of international prisoners of war -– particularly Soviets and Poles -- but also, to a lesser extent, criminals, homosexuals and Jews.

"This wasn't a straightforward extermination camp; its slogan was 'annihilation through labour'," Mauthausen tour guide Casimir Paltinger told AFP. "People were worked to death in the quarry."

The first Mauthausen barracks were erected some 20 kilometres (12.5 miles) from the city of Linz five months after Austria's "Anschluss", or annexation.

The Nazis had chosen the site because of its huge quantities of granite, which would provide "the construction material for many of the Third Reich's dreams", said Paltinger.

The stones were used to build highways, government buildings and indeed the concentration camps themselves.     

As the Reich's ambitions grew, so did Mauthausen. Over time, it expanded from a single labour camp to a network of 49 satellite camps across Austria and Germany, now generally referred to as the "Mauthausen system".

The detainees were brought to Mauthausen for their registration before being sent to one of the sub-camps.

There, they would produce and assemble parts for weapons, rockets or warplanes for instance.

"Many camps were built right next to a factory, and deportees from around Europe were exploited to keep the German industry ticking over," said Paltinger.

In addition, local firms and national corporations used prisoners from Mauthausen for cheap slave labour, thereby turning the network into one of the Reich's most profitable enterprises.

- 'Stairs of Death' -

Of all the labour camps attached to Mauthausen, the quarry offered the most hellish working conditions.

Six days a week, from sunrise to sunset, the prisoners were forced to extract the granite and carry the heavy stones on their back up the so-called "Stairs of Death" -- 186 uneven rocks placed on top of each other, some half a metre high.

Thousands died on these steps, killed as punishment for being too weak or exhausted.

"It was horrendous," said 87-year-old Jean Monin who spent almost a year at Mauthausen.

The French resistance fighter was 16 when he arrived at the camp in March 1944.

"I worked in the quarry for three and a half months and it was very, very tough -- the dust, the noise," he recalled.

Photos of Mauthausen's atrocious conditions have survived into present times thanks to a group of Spanish prisoners who smuggled the negatives out of the camp with the help of Mauthausen resident Anna Pointner.

She hid the originals in her garden until the liberation.

"They represent a very rare collection, the kind which hardly exists from other concentration camps," said Christian Duerr of the Mauthausen Memorial Archive in Vienna.

"That's why they became an important body of evidence in the post-war trials."

The town of Mauthausen has now decided to dedicate a memorial to Pointner on May 9 for her "brave and exemplary" fight against fascism.

It took locals – and Austrians in general – a long time before acknowledging they had not merely been victims, but also perpetrators under the Nazi regime.

As a result, research into Mauthausen only began in the late 1980s.

Today, the quarry is a green valley with ponds and a sign reading "Memorial. No swimming, diving, car washing, ball games, etc".

The Stairs of Death have been replaced by 186 even steps. The farmer's house, meanwhile, is still there.

But nobody dares to ask anymore that the inhumane actions, which took place in the quarry, be hidden from sight.
Source: AFP

arabstoday
arabstoday

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today mauthausen camp of no return that built the third reich Arab Today, arab today mauthausen camp of no return that built the third reich

 



Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today mauthausen camp of no return that built the third reich Arab Today, arab today mauthausen camp of no return that built the third reich

 



Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Designer Aql Faqih aspires to innovation

GMT 18:41 2017 Friday ,20 October

Designer Aql Faqih aspires to innovation
Arab Today, arab today Italy regions back 'big bang' autonomy

GMT 07:10 2017 Monday ,23 October

Italy regions back 'big bang' autonomy
Arab Today, arab today Etiquette expert underlines importance of gifts

GMT 17:52 2017 Sunday ,03 September

Etiquette expert underlines importance of gifts
Arab Today, arab today Israel police detain 15 over campaign

GMT 14:19 2017 Monday ,23 October

Israel police detain 15 over campaign
Arab Today, arab today Maltese demand justice for murdered

GMT 06:08 2017 Monday ,23 October

Maltese demand justice for murdered
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today World's deepest lake in peril

GMT 15:54 2017 Friday ,20 October

World's deepest lake in peril
Arab Today, arab today Ex-French minister Dati wants tough action

GMT 10:54 2017 Thursday ,19 October

Ex-French minister Dati wants tough action
Arab Today, arab today Delhi braces for pollution 'airpocalypse'

GMT 16:07 2017 Friday ,20 October

Delhi braces for pollution 'airpocalypse'
Arab Today, arab today The history of solar eclipses

GMT 05:16 2017 Sunday ,20 August

The history of solar eclipses
Arab Today, arab today Tesla to build wholly-owned plant

GMT 07:55 2017 Monday ,23 October

Tesla to build wholly-owned plant
Arab Today, arab today EU raids automaker BMW

GMT 11:06 2017 Saturday ,21 October

EU raids automaker BMW
Arab Today, arab today Rogina happy for reactions to “The Flood”

GMT 09:30 2017 Friday ,20 October

Rogina happy for reactions to “The Flood”
Arab Today, arab today Massacre fears spark race

GMT 19:09 2017 Thursday ,19 October

Massacre fears spark race

GMT 08:15 2017 Thursday ,19 October

Actress Mona Zaki praises husband’s role

GMT 18:15 2017 Monday ,16 October

British actress becomes fifth woman

GMT 16:53 2017 Tuesday ,05 September

Youssra depended on colored foam

GMT 16:00 2017 Wednesday ,18 October

Climate-disrupting volcanoes helped topple

GMT 10:46 2017 Saturday ,05 August

Nanis reveals simple ideas for home renovation

GMT 06:07 2017 Sunday ,22 October

15,000 Under Fives Die

GMT 12:54 2017 Saturday ,21 October

Malaysia Airlines picks new CEO

GMT 17:12 2017 Monday ,07 August

Al-Shawaifi reveals secrets of total solar eclipse

GMT 20:46 2017 Thursday ,19 October

Qualcomm files lawsuits in China to ban iPhones

GMT 16:53 2017 Saturday ,02 September

Mai importance of gifts during Eid Al-Adha
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
 
 Arab Today Facebook,arab today facebook  Arab Today Twitter,arab today twitter Arab Today Rss,arab today rss  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday
بناية النخيل - رأس النبع _ خلف السفارة الفرنسية _بيروت - لبنان
arabstoday, Arabstoday, Arabstoday