Arab Today, arab today eu firms violating oil sanctions against iran
Last Updated : GMT 22:20:05
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

EU firms violating oil sanctions against Iran

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today EU firms violating oil sanctions against Iran

Tehran - FNA

EU oil companies and their overseas units cannot buy, import into the EU or transport even tiny amounts of crude or refined oil of Iranian origin under rules coming into effect July 1. However, the way many oil transactions are carried out in Asia mean they could inadvertently break the rules, and even their best efforts to comply will be further undermined by a widespread industry practice of blending fuel oil from several sources. A major component of Iran\'s oil exports is fuel oil, used to power ship engines or in power stations. \"Our experts have confirmed the interpretation that the prohibition should apply when there are reasonable grounds to suspect the inclusion of Iranian oil, in whatever proportion,\" an EU official, who declined to be identified, told Dow Jones Newswires. Although some traders agree that trade in blended Iranian fuel by an EU company would be a violation of the embargo, others contend the EU\'s interpretation wouldn\'t be easy to enforce since the issue of blending isn\'t explicitly dealt with in the embargo text. \"We don\'t see the wording of the EU sanctions covering that. They talk about Iranian product only and don\'t cover blends,\" said a senior fuel oil trader at a major European trading firm. Traders also said the EU law\'s surprising exemption of non-EU-based subsidiaries from the sanctions could also allow at least some European companies to continue their existing business in Iranian oil, while others may have to exit. The sanctions apply only to EU-based companies and their overseas branches. Their non-EU-based subsidiaries aren\'t forced to enforce the embargo. Although \"such subsidiaries must not be used to circumvent sanctions,\" the EU official explained. \"To make that distinction, lawyers would check whether the subsidiary was acting independently or on behalf of the mother company,\" the official said. While those European trading and shipping companies that need to avoid Iranian-blended fuel could seek water-tight assurances from sellers that Iranian oil isn\'t present in their fuel, a widely used trading system in Asia\'s oil hub Singapore could spread the Iranian fuel more widely in the market and make it even more difficult to isolate. Benchmark prices for many types of oil in Asia are assessed by Platts, a unit of McGraw-Hill Cos. MHP -0.49% , using a day-long process called market-on-close, or MOC, which concludes with a 30-minute session in which many traders, ranging from European and US oil majors to small local traders, are active. Known popularly as the window, the session facilitates trading in a market where there is no formal exchange for many products, and helps the process of price discovery in what is a largely secretive business. Platts says its MOC process globally counts transactions of products that can be legally delivered and sold forward, and excludes embargoed material. But Singapore has no embargo against Iranian oil, and once Iranian oil lands in any of the Platts-designated onshore or offshore storage sites in Singapore or Malaysia, its onwards sale in the window will have Singapore as the source of origin, and not Iran. \"The standard for any free-on-board transaction requires the seller to provide documentation regarding the origin of the materials it delivers, and any FOB Singapore sale will have a bill of lading specifying Singapore as the origin,\" a Platts spokeswoman said. A fuel oil trader with a major European company said the issue was very \"subjective\" and there didn\'t seem to be much clarity of the legal implications, while another said buying Iranian-blended fuel in the window was likely legal as Singapore would be considered the origin. It is unclear if buying Iranian-blended fuel in the window would be considered a less serious offence by Brussels given the buyer has no control, or knowledge of the source of the cargo. Similarly, it isn\'t clear if Platts might change its procedures. The Platts spokeswoman, when approached by Dow Jones, didn\'t comment on whether European buyers using the window could be in breach of the embargo if they end up buying Iran-blended fuel, or if Platts has any plans to ensure such oil isn\'t traded in the window.

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Arab Today, arab today eu firms violating oil sanctions against iran Arab Today, arab today eu firms violating oil sanctions against iran

 



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