The world had 7 billion inhabitants in 2012. The EU, with 505 million inhabitants, accounted for 7 percent of the world population.
The five most populous countries in the world were all G-20 members: China (1.351 million inhabitants or 19 percent of the world population), India (1.240 million or 18 percent), the United States (314 million or 5 percent), Indonesia (247 million or 4 percent) and Brazil (199 million or 3 percent).
These figures were released Friday by Eurostat, the EU's statistical office, under the title "The EU in the world" in which the EU and the 15 non-EU G-20 countries are compared.
World GDP was 56, 600 billion euro in 2012. The EU accounted for 23 percent of the total, followed by the United States (22 percent), China (12 percent) and Japan (8 percent).
Most of the G-20 members recorded a public deficit in 2012, with the largest in Japan (10.1 percent of GDP), the United States (8.3 percent) and India (8.0 percent). The EU registered a public deficit of 3.9 percent of GDP in 2012.
In contrast, three G-20 members registered surpluses: Saudi Arabia (15.0 percent), South Korea (1.9 percent) and Russia (0.4 percent).
For fish catches and aquaculture production, the EU had a production of 10 kg per inhabitant in 2011.
The highest relative levels among the non-EU G-20 members were registered in South Korea (66 kg per inhabitant), Indonesia (56 kg) and China (49 kg), and the lowest in Saudi Arabia (3 kg), Brazil and India (both 7 kg).
For milk, the EU had a production of 275 kg per inhabitant in 2011, with higher levels only for Australia (408 kg) and the United States (286 kg) among the non-EU G-20 members.
The lowest levels were observed for Indonesia (6 kg), China (31 kg) and South Korea (38 kg).
For rail transport, the EU registered 814 passenger kilometres (p km) per inhabitant in 2011, with a significantly higher usage in Japan (1, 914 pkm per inhabitant), followed by Russia (978) among the G-20 members.
The lowest levels were registered in Mexico (4 pkm per inhabitant), Saudi Arabia (11) and the United States (31).
For air transport, the pattern was different: in the EU, 1, 647 passengers were carried per 1, 000 inhabitants in 2012, with higher levels among the G-20 members in Australia (2, 872 passengers per 1 000 inhabitants), the United States (2,347) and Canada (2, 109).
The lowest levels were recorded in India (57 passengers per 1 000 inhabitants), Argentina (233) and China (236).
In 2011, the EU had a life expectancy at birth reaching 80 years. Japan (83 years), Australia and Canada (both 82 years) and South Korea (81 years) had the highest life expectancies among the non-EU G-20 members, and South Africa (58 years), India (65 years), Indonesia and Russia (both 69 years) the lowest, it noted.