Arab Today, arab today brexit a long complicated divorce
Last Updated : GMT 13:57:49
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

Brexit: A long, complicated divorce

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today Brexit: A long, complicated divorce

A British exit from the European Union would plunge the 2 parties
Brussels - AFP

A British exit from the European Union would plunge the two parties into a messy divorce and force them build a new relationship after a marriage of more than 40 years.

Here are the logistical and legal details of how the split would work, and the key issues that Brussels and London would have to negotiate if Britons vote for a "Brexit" in the June 23 referendum.

- The legal basis -

The procedure for a country to leave the EU is built into the bloc's treaties.

Article 50 of the 2009 Lisbon Treaty says that "any member state may decide to withdraw from the Union in accordance with its own constitutional requirements".

In the event of a "Leave" vote next month, British Prime Minister David Cameron has said the government would "straight away" trigger Article 50, beginning the negotiation process to leave.

- How long would it take? -

There is a two-year time period to negotiate the arrangements for exit under Article 50, with a "Brexit" then happening automatically if there is no deal for the new form of relationship.

But in practice it could take a lot longer. Britain and the EU can agree to delay the exit until a better deal has been reached, although a delay must be approved unanimously.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker has said Britain would be "a third party, who we won't be bending over backwards for".

The final deal would then have to be approved by a qualified majority of the Council of the European Union, which groups the member states, after the approval of the European Parliament.

- A decade of uncertainty? -

The British government warned in a report in February that it could take up to 10 years to tie up all the loose ends.

"It is... probable that it would take an extended period to negotiate first our exit from the EU, secondly our future arrangements with the EU, and thirdly our trade deals with countries outside of the EU, on any terms that would be acceptable to the UK," it said.

"In short, a vote to leave the EU would be the start, not the end, of a process. It could lead to up to a decade or more of uncertainty."

- Norwegian or Swiss? -

The simplest and most frequently cited option is for Britain to join Iceland and Norway as members of the European Economic Area, which would give them access to the single market. 

That however would mean London still having to obey the EU's rules despite no longer having any say in how they are formed, plus still having to pay money to Brussels.

The Swiss model is another popular one for pro-Brexit campaigners but it is "not likely that Britain would take this route", said Jean-Claude Piris, a former senior EU jurist who is now a consultant.

Piris pointed out that Switzerland has had to sign hundreds of trade agreements with the EU and that Brussels is still not satisfied with the relationship.

Other options include a free trade deal with the EU or a customs union similar to that between Turkey and the EU. Failing that it would simply become a trading partner like the United States or China.

Whatever happened, Britain would end up a "sort of satellite to the EU", said Piris.

- Britons abroad -

London would have to negotiate the status of the two million Britons living or working in the EU.

This would particularly affect their pensions and rights to healthcare, with the British government noting: "UK citizens resident abroad, among them those who have retired to Spain, would not be able to assume that these rights will be guaranteed."

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today brexit a long complicated divorce Arab Today, arab today brexit a long complicated divorce

 



Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Fadi explains secrets of  Nancy Ajram's newlook

GMT 18:23 2017 Friday ,24 February

Fadi explains secrets of  Nancy Ajram's newlook
Arab Today, arab today Tourist guide explains types of tourism

GMT 18:28 2017 Saturday ,25 February

Tourist guide explains types of tourism
Arab Today, arab today Expresses Algerian history by woody figures

GMT 13:26 2017 Friday ,24 February

Expresses Algerian history by woody figures
Arab Today, arab today Iran complying with nuclear deal

GMT 07:14 2017 Saturday ,25 February

Iran complying with nuclear deal
Arab Today, arab today Ayat Abaza says state TV presented major stars

GMT 03:52 2017 Sunday ,26 February

Ayat Abaza says state TV presented major stars
View News in Arabic - Business: اقتصاد دولي
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Reading therapy relieves mental disorders

GMT 15:39 2017 Friday ,24 February

Reading therapy relieves mental disorders
Arab Today, arab today UK appoints 1st Scotland Yard chief in 188 years

GMT 05:14 2017 Thursday ,23 February

UK appoints 1st Scotland Yard chief in 188 years
Arab Today, arab today Penguins in the age of dinos

GMT 11:44 2017 Saturday ,25 February

Penguins in the age of dinos
Arab Today, arab today Pluto's unruly moons

GMT 06:31 2015 Thursday ,04 June

Pluto's unruly moons
Arab Today, arab today 'Constructive' Vauxhall talk with union

GMT 08:54 2017 Saturday ,25 February

'Constructive' Vauxhall talk with union
Arab Today, arab today Tesla back into red but revenue grows

GMT 07:27 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Tesla back into red but revenue grows
Arab Today, arab today Ola Ghanem hopes to work with M.Ramadan

GMT 07:23 2017 Friday ,24 February

Ola Ghanem hopes to work with M.Ramadan
Arab Today, arab today Ex-yoga missionary unleashes rage

GMT 12:16 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Ex-yoga missionary unleashes rage

GMT 06:08 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Actress Lobna Abdel Aziz proud of her career

GMT 12:35 2017 Tuesday ,21 February

63-Year-Old Woman Delivers Baby

GMT 22:42 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Nasima Gamei revives heritage in jewelries

GMT 10:28 2017 Wednesday ,22 February

Milan laughs while Rome cries

GMT 20:33 2017 Friday ,17 February

To release new antiques collection

GMT 10:20 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Brazil's top diplomat resigns

GMT 11:54 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Saudis await visitors but will they come?

GMT 13:12 2015 Saturday ,09 May

Sheikh Sultan opens Sharjah Centre

GMT 20:02 2017 Tuesday ,21 February

Nohan Seyam designs beautiful accessories
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
 
 Arab Today Facebook,arab today facebook  Arab Today Twitter,arab today twitter Arab Today Rss,arab today rss  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday
بناية النخيل - رأس النبع _ خلف السفارة الفرنسية _بيروت - لبنان
arabstoday, Arabstoday, Arabstoday