Arab Today, arab today salafists in egypt
Last Updated : GMT 16:00:09
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

Salafists in Egypt

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today Salafists in Egypt

Cairo - Arabstoday

Salafists in Egypt by Mohamed Hamed Abdel-Wahab, Cairo: Al-Ansar Library, 2012. 544pp. Mohamed Hamed Abdel-Wahab ends his book about Salafists in Egypt with a number of questions about the future of the movement after the 2011 revolution. Although the author is close to Salafists in thought, he still asks about their political programme and what it could bring to Egypt; whether Salafists will be satisfied to support existing Islamist currents or will try to enter the scene as an independent actor in political life, and how they will relate with leftwing and secular currents. These questions are all based on the background that the followers of the Salafist current were against the revolution from the beginning, due to being inherently against any disobedience or revolt against given rulers. In addition, their political stances have traditionally been unclear despite the large number of Salafists in the post-revolution parliament. The author starts by providing a historical snapshot of the Salafist Call, dating back to the first century of Hijra, when Ahmed Bin Hanbal played a role in establishing a school of thought aiming to refer back to the \"salaf\" (the first founders) and to depend solely on the Quran and the Sunna (deeds and words of the Prophet Mohammed), rejecting any further explanations or documentation. To this extent, Bin Hanbal refused any work related to writing books, preferring to be focused on collecting the sayings and history of Islam alone. Since then, the Salafist Call sustained itself throughout the centuries, sometimes strengthening but most times weakening. This continues until the current Salafist movement, which dates back to the early 18th century when the army of Ibrahim Pasha, the son of Mohamed Ali, ruler of Egypt at the time, succeeded in beating the armies of the Wahabis in the Arabian Peninsula, destroying the first glimpse of these modern Salafists, at the time led by Abdullah Bin Seoud, prince of Najd, and his religious leader, Mohamed Bin Abdel-Wahab. Among the hostages taken by the winning army back to Egypt were some from the house of Mohamed Bin Abdel-Wahab, and therefore his son continued his education at Al-Azhar Mosque to become a sheikh (master). Their role up to that point was merely education and writing. The author pauses at the Reform Movement led by Gamal Eddin Al-Afghany and Sheikh Mohamed Abdo whose efforts succeeded in raising a new generation of Salafists, many of whom maintain strong ties with Saudi Arabia, and with efforts focused on Dawa (Call or preaching) through mosques and charity organisations. The June 1967 defeat was a turning point, according to the book, for it wasn’t only a military defeat, but a defeat for Arab regimes and the Arab nationalist project. Soon after, political Islamist movements started spreading; Gamaa Islamiya, for example, spread in Egyptian universities in the 1970s. The current Salafist Call was established by Gamaat Ansar Al-Sunna (Group of Sunna Defenders) during the 1950s, but its true rise happened during the 1970s through religious groups in universities and via summer camps for students. The hard break dividing the Salafists from the other political Islamist currents happened after the 1976 military school incident when a number of students led a small failed coup which split Salafists from the Muslim Brotherhood and Gamaa Islamiya (a violence-leaning current at the time, responsible for the terrorist attacks on tourists and secular Egyptian figures in the 1990s). Between 1979 and 1980, the Scientific Salafists appeared in Alexandria at the same time that the violent current was being established, and a third current joined the Muslim Brotherhood (including Abdel-Monem Abul-Fotouh, the current presidential frontrunner). The author divides current Salafists into four branches, such as traditional Salafists whose followers do not follow one organisation but follow sheikhs and become their disciples (with each sheikh an independent entity with his students, the most famous of whom was Osama Abdel-Azim, whose followers are claimed to be some 150,000 across Egypt). Most notable about this current is that it refuses to engage in politics and doesn’t take any public political stance. Not very different in structure are the three other branches, each revolving around a sheikh and keen to avoid politics, rendering it religiously improper to go against the ruler, seeking to purify Islam from heresy, like visiting cemeteries or saints or coming too close to European civilisation and its presumed anti-Islamic thoughts. Another common factor across all Salafist branches is their seeking of change through preaching on Fridays, through satellite TV channels, the internet or religious classes in mosques. Following the revolution, the author writes, “The idea of getting into politics started chasing the imagination of the Salafist mind and kept them busy. We found some Salafist figures giving their political opinion on public affairs and starting to get more involved in the political game.” The latest elections indicate the extent to which they spread in villages and towns, and especially following the chaos at the beginning of the revolution. It was easy to draw the crowd to their side. Maybe the most notable example is recent events following the disqualification of Salafist figure Hazem Salah Abu-Ismail from the presidential race — the protests, the sit-in, and finally the violence seen in the streets last week. And so, from rejecting political work and rendering it prohibited by religion, to full engagement, including blocking roads and sit-ins, Salafists have almost turned 260 degrees. The gap between their original and present stances would seem unimaginable, but reflects the influence building up around Salafists in recent years, now surfacing in the political sphere.

arabstoday
arabstoday

GMT 08:10 2017 Thursday ,27 April

Abu Dhabi International Book Fair launched

GMT 09:09 2017 Wednesday ,19 April

Braille reading contest winners honoured

GMT 07:10 2017 Wednesday ,19 April

Deputy Premier patronises book launch

GMT 07:26 2017 Tuesday ,18 April

Abu Dhabi gears up for international book fair

GMT 12:19 2017 Friday ,14 April

Sharjah ruler launches book version

GMT 03:37 2017 Saturday ,08 April

Textbooks spell testing times
View News in Arabic - Culture: مراجعة كتب
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today salafists in egypt Arab Today, arab today salafists in egypt

 



Arab Today, arab today

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today salafists in egypt Arab Today, arab today salafists in egypt

 



Arab Today, arab today France defies terrorism through tourism

GMT 15:18 2017 Saturday ,20 May

France defies terrorism through tourism
Arab Today, arab today Zainab Fadel Oglu designs “Shakerin” mosque

GMT 12:13 2017 Thursday ,11 May

Zainab Fadel Oglu designs “Shakerin” mosque
Arab Today, arab today Seeks to move past rift with Israel

GMT 08:00 2017 Monday ,08 May

Seeks to move past rift with Israel

GMT 08:10 2017 Thursday ,27 April

Abu Dhabi International Book Fair launched

GMT 09:09 2017 Wednesday ,19 April

Braille reading contest winners honoured

GMT 07:10 2017 Wednesday ,19 April

Deputy Premier patronises book launch

GMT 07:26 2017 Tuesday ,18 April

Abu Dhabi gears up for international book fair

GMT 12:19 2017 Friday ,14 April

Sharjah ruler launches book version

GMT 03:37 2017 Saturday ,08 April

Textbooks spell testing times
View News in Arabic - Culture: مراجعة كتب
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Mozambique's gas boom dream under threat

GMT 16:29 2017 Monday ,08 May

Mozambique's gas boom dream under threat
Arab Today, arab today Prepares to give stargazers an eyeful

GMT 13:38 2017 Monday ,06 March

Prepares to give stargazers an eyeful
Arab Today, arab today Jaguar displays XF Sportbrake line

GMT 14:36 2017 Monday ,08 May

Jaguar displays XF Sportbrake line
Arab Today, arab today BMW sees forecasts in reach

GMT 09:04 2017 Thursday ,04 May

BMW sees forecasts in reach
Arab Today, arab today Climate science: Bad news gets worse

GMT 08:48 2017 Saturday ,06 May

Climate science: Bad news gets worse
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
 
 Arab Today Facebook,arab today facebook  Arab Today Twitter,arab today twitter Arab Today Rss,arab today rss  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday
بناية النخيل - رأس النبع _ خلف السفارة الفرنسية _بيروت - لبنان
arabstoday, Arabstoday, Arabstoday