Arab Today, arab today florencebaghdad men embraced dual perspectives
Last Updated : GMT 16:24:37
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

Florence & Baghdad: men embraced dual perspectives

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today Florence & Baghdad: men embraced dual perspectives

Dubai - Arabstoday

His aim is to effect what he terms a Blickwechsel - a German word that means both changing the way you look at something and exchanging glances with that something - and his whole book, which is densely written, profusely illustrated and enjoyably challenging, constitutes a large scholarly step in that direction.His task is daunting. Tensions - between the West (here represented by Florence) and the Middle East (here represented by Baghdad) are today greater than they have been for many centuries and what is inimical must also be incurious. A group of the most reactionary factions of both worlds is something dangerously close to Belting\'s central contention here - that East and West actually see the world differently. Belting, a professor of art history at the Academy for Design in Karlsruhe, Germany, is aware of the peril that his topic will be misunderstood, but he strikes a quintessentially humanist note early on and sticks to it throughout. \"One can speak of differences,\" he calmly tells us, \"only where there is common ground.\" The differences at the heart of his book centre on \"perspective\", both as a term of science dealing with mathematics and as a term of art dealing with aesthetics. Much depends on this twinning of the word\'s meaning. In its original medieval conception, perspective was an almost purely mathematical concern dealing with the propagation and calculation of light rays. It was to art what the science of acoustics is to the Baroque concerto - you could study the former for a lifetime without ever imagining, much less requiring, the presence of the latter.Crucial to Belting\'s undertaking here is that readers recall the fact that this medieval conception of perspective was Arabic in origin - it arose from early western translations of the works of the Arab mathematician Abu Ali al-Hasan Ibn Al-Haytham (965-1040), known to early translators by the name Alhazen.One of the many pleasant services Florence & Baghdad performs for its readers is to introduce them to this \"Arab Archimedes\" and acquaint them with the vast body of his work, including his pivotal text, Kitah Al-Manazir (Book of Optics), in which he not only proved that rays of light could be precisely calculated but also attempted to \"close the gap between mathematics and empirical observation\".It was only with the advent of such massively influential Renaissance figures as the architect Filippo Brunelleschi and the artist Leon Battista Alberti that perspective took on a definition first allied to and then radically divergent from the original, and Belting is quick to stress that this in no way implies a hierarchy. \"If we wish to examine cultures of both the Middle East and the West without a colonialist bias, there can be no privileged standpoint from which an older culture is admitted to have exercised an \'influence\' on a modern one,\" he tells us. \"Cultural studies today should give up on using the West (\'modernity\') as a universal standard.\"In Middle Eastern illustrated works, \"images and texts entered into an alliance that serves to tame the gaze\", whereas in the western adaptation of perspective, images became destinations all by themselves. Hierarchies here might be illusory but the divergence was all too real and, as Belting points out, largely secular. \"The contrast between Arab visual theory and western pictorial theory existed for cultural rather than scientific reasons. In Middle Eastern culture, making pictures in the western sense was long regarded as taboo, while in the West it was celebrated as the royal road to knowledge.\"In Baghdad, one definition of perspective was used to perfect the arts of calligraphy and geometrical design, with any pictorial representation standing strictly subordinate. From / The National

arabstoday
arabstoday

GMT 10:44 2017 Friday ,28 April

Abu Dhabi International Book Fair launched

GMT 09:22 2017 Friday ,28 April

Book fair success commended

GMT 08:10 2017 Thursday ,27 April

Abu Dhabi International Book Fair launched

GMT 09:09 2017 Wednesday ,19 April

Braille reading contest winners honoured

GMT 07:10 2017 Wednesday ,19 April

Deputy Premier patronises book launch

GMT 07:26 2017 Tuesday ,18 April

Abu Dhabi gears up for international book fair

GMT 12:19 2017 Friday ,14 April

Sharjah ruler launches book version
View News in Arabic - Culture: مراجعة كتب
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today florencebaghdad men embraced dual perspectives Arab Today, arab today florencebaghdad men embraced dual perspectives

 



Arab Today, arab today

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today florencebaghdad men embraced dual perspectives Arab Today, arab today florencebaghdad men embraced dual perspectives

 



Arab Today, arab today Etiquette expert calls for short visits

GMT 16:21 2017 Monday ,26 June

Etiquette expert calls for short visits
Arab Today, arab today France defies terrorism through tourism

GMT 15:18 2017 Saturday ,20 May

France defies terrorism through tourism
Arab Today, arab today Mai Al-Jeddawi presents décor ideas for Ramadan

GMT 10:44 2017 Friday ,28 April

Abu Dhabi International Book Fair launched

GMT 09:22 2017 Friday ,28 April

Book fair success commended

GMT 08:10 2017 Thursday ,27 April

Abu Dhabi International Book Fair launched

GMT 09:09 2017 Wednesday ,19 April

Braille reading contest winners honoured

GMT 07:10 2017 Wednesday ,19 April

Deputy Premier patronises book launch

GMT 07:26 2017 Tuesday ,18 April

Abu Dhabi gears up for international book fair

GMT 12:19 2017 Friday ,14 April

Sharjah ruler launches book version
View News in Arabic - Culture: مراجعة كتب
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

GMT 09:49 2017 Tuesday ,02 May

Girl barred from Malaysia chess competition

GMT 08:48 2017 Saturday ,06 May

Climate science: Bad news gets worse

GMT 16:25 2017 Sunday ,04 June

“Suhoor” is basic meal for fasting

GMT 06:31 2015 Thursday ,04 June

Pluto's unruly moons

GMT 11:09 2017 Sunday ,25 June

HUAWEI P10 the ‘guru’ of portrait shots
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
 
 Arab Today Facebook,arab today facebook  Arab Today Twitter,arab today twitter Arab Today Rss,arab today rss  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday
بناية النخيل - رأس النبع _ خلف السفارة الفرنسية _بيروت - لبنان
arabstoday, Arabstoday, Arabstoday