Arab Today, arab today 1912 show that shook art world returns to cologne
Last Updated : GMT 22:04:43
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

1912 show that shook art world returns to Cologne

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today 1912 show that shook art world returns to Cologne

Berlin - DW

A century ago, an exhibition in Cologne rattled the art world with daring art and a new approach. Now the show that defined the modern art exhibition and broke from German tradition can be seen in its original form. Approximately 860,000 visitors recently streamed through dOCUMENTA (13), a record for the massive contemporary art fair. Since 1955, the exhibition has aimed to show the best of what the contemporary art scene has to offer. A hundred years ago, the creators of the Sonderbund exhibition in Cologne had the same goal: to document "the most disputed paintings of our time" and to propel "modernism to a breakthrough point."The organizers, a club made up of artists, collectors, curators and art dealers, had a keen sense of marketing. They enticed the public by promising European style and the fathers of the avant-garde. The Sonderbund exhibition became the most important presentation of European modernism in Germany prior to World War I. First modern exhibition Today, the Sonderbund exhibition is considered a precursor to dOCUMENTA. And not only that - many art historians regard the Cologne show as the first example of a truly modern exhibition and the beginning of a new era in art shows. Little surprise, then, that this tremendously successful display is being revived on its 100th anniversary. Of the 650 or so paintings that comprised the original exhibition, the Wallraf-Richartz Museum will bring together 120 in a revived exhibition called "1912 - Mission Modernity." "What the organizers achieved in 1912 was the first survey of modernism, and at the same time, its manifestation in Germany," said curator Barbar Schaefer, who has been working meticulously on the exhibition for years. "The Sonderbund show is considered to be a prototype for today's art exhibitions, and meant to encourage a comparative experience. Therein lies its greatest significance as the first - and therefore perhaps most important - model for exhibitions that considered art history," said Schaefer.While the show was a sensation at that time, it had little success. The visitors, apparently, just weren't ready yet. "The public was somewhat confused as to all those contortions and distortions, they couldn't find any meaning," noted Hermann von Wedderkpop, author of the catalogue for the original exhibition. A contemporary reporter was convinced that "the paintings rightfully belong to the private collection of a neurologist or a shrink." Conservative taste in the Rhineland The wild contortions and distortions on display were works by Vincent van Gogh and Paul Cézanne, Pablo Picasso and Wassily Kandinsky, August Macke and Emile Nolde. Today, most of these artists are firmly established figures in the canon of modern art. Things were strikingly different in 1912, though. The cultural climate in the German empire precluded the widespread acceptance of anything deemed "different," with artistic taste still rooted in the 19th century. To show the Sonderbund paintings and sculptures in imperial Berlin would have been unthinkable. The Rhineland, however, with its abundance of collectors, proximity to France, and industrial, ambitious attitude, appeared to serve well as a location for the show. Even there its reception was dominated by harsh criticism and misunderstandings, though. At the opening, the local paper speculated that the paintings would have to be protected from the crowd's rage to avoid a kind of artistic "lynching." The impact the works from neighboring countries was having on German art - consciously drawn out by the curators - stirred discussion. "The Sonderbund exhibition was not only a mindful demonstration of fruitful artistic influences from other countries, but also proved how truly international the young German modernists were," explained Schaefer. Vincent van Gogh, who had over 100 works in the exhibition, served as the fulcrum, along with French artists Paul Cézanne, Maurice Denis and Paul Signac. In addition, then relatively unknown artists like Pablo Picasso and Wassily Kandinsky popped up.There were also Austrians (Egon Schiele and Oskar Kokoschaka), Scandinavians (Edvard Munch), Swiss (Giovanni Giacometti, Ferdinand Hodler) and Dutch (Kees van Dongen, Piet Mondrian). Germany was represented by two important art collectives, The Blue Riders and The Bridge. The disintegration of form, the odd presentation of humanity and the manipulation of color were all unsettling to a majority of the visitors. All those artistic techniques that tend to enchant rather than confuse today were, at least at that time, like an irritant in the eyes of the 1912 beholders. Marketing and presentation The exhibitors went their own way 100 years ago - but not only with the choice of artists presented. "Turning away from the standard commercial exhibitions was new at that time, as was the placement of paintings on white walls and the comprehensive marketing strategy," said Schaefer. Before 1912 it was common for pictures to be placed closed together, directly above or even right next to each other. All of that changed with the Sonderbund exhibition. It was nothing less than a "farewell to the displays of private collections in the 19th century that lacked a conceptual framework." While they may seem self-explanatory today, catalogs and guides, brochures, a room with refreshments, marketing and posters all began with the Sonderbund. The exhibition was noted in the US as well, and in 1913 an American artists' association put on a very similar show in New York. Modern art exhibitions thus began their inexorable march in the New World. And in Europe? "The Sonderbund had an effect on the art market that could only be compared to the Documenta 1 in Kassel 43 years later," said art historians Bernd Klüser and Bernadette Hegewich. Be unsettled With very few exceptions, subsequent art shows never developed the same kind of draw. In spite of formidable numbers of visitors, large art displays like the dOCUMENTA do not elicit the same kind of reactions anymore - except via impassioned debates in art columns. Viewers have perhaps become inoculated to radical art and the avant-garde has slipped toward the commercial. "In our time, mankind lives in a world of overstimulation, one that unceasingly demands new impressions," said Barbara Schaefer. "That shouldn't be a reason for works of art to be incapable of unsettling." The current exhibition in Cologne should be better received than the original. Even if the modern shock which shook visitors to the core 100 years ago can't be emulated, visitors can still realize that a signal was sent out from Germany at the time that shook the art world - at least until the outbreak of World War I.

arabstoday
arabstoday

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today 1912 show that shook art world returns to cologne Arab Today, arab today 1912 show that shook art world returns to cologne

 



Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today 1912 show that shook art world returns to cologne Arab Today, arab today 1912 show that shook art world returns to cologne

 



Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Designer Aql Faqih aspires to innovation

GMT 18:41 2017 Friday ,20 October

Designer Aql Faqih aspires to innovation
Arab Today, arab today Barcelona through George Orwell’s eyes

GMT 13:44 2017 Friday ,20 October

Barcelona through George Orwell’s eyes
Arab Today, arab today Etiquette expert underlines importance of gifts

GMT 17:52 2017 Sunday ,03 September

Etiquette expert underlines importance of gifts
Arab Today, arab today Tillerson heads to Gulf, downbeat

GMT 09:23 2017 Friday ,20 October

Tillerson heads to Gulf, downbeat
Arab Today, arab today Hiring not part of Alibaba pledge

GMT 11:26 2017 Wednesday ,18 October

Hiring not part of Alibaba pledge
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today World's deepest lake in peril

GMT 15:54 2017 Friday ,20 October

World's deepest lake in peril
Arab Today, arab today Ex-French minister Dati wants tough action

GMT 10:54 2017 Thursday ,19 October

Ex-French minister Dati wants tough action
Arab Today, arab today Delhi braces for pollution 'airpocalypse'

GMT 16:07 2017 Friday ,20 October

Delhi braces for pollution 'airpocalypse'
Arab Today, arab today The history of solar eclipses

GMT 05:16 2017 Sunday ,20 August

The history of solar eclipses
Arab Today, arab today Sweden to get biggest car factory

GMT 14:10 2017 Friday ,20 October

Sweden to get biggest car factory
Arab Today, arab today Mercedes says recalls 400,000 UK cars

GMT 06:56 2017 Tuesday ,17 October

Mercedes says recalls 400,000 UK cars
Arab Today, arab today Actress Shery Adel happy for Egypt’s qualification

GMT 08:57 2017 Wednesday ,18 October

Actress Shery Adel happy for Egypt’s qualification
Arab Today, arab today Massacre fears spark race

GMT 19:09 2017 Thursday ,19 October

Massacre fears spark race

GMT 07:47 2017 Tuesday ,17 October

Hussein Fahmy happy for honoring in festival

GMT 18:15 2017 Monday ,16 October

British actress becomes fifth woman

GMT 16:53 2017 Tuesday ,05 September

Youssra depended on colored foam

GMT 16:00 2017 Wednesday ,18 October

Climate-disrupting volcanoes helped topple

GMT 10:46 2017 Saturday ,05 August

Nanis reveals simple ideas for home renovation

GMT 06:43 2017 Wednesday ,18 October

Fake dentists ply brisk trade

GMT 06:49 2017 Tuesday ,17 October

EasyJet, Lufthansa among seven to bid

GMT 17:12 2017 Monday ,07 August

Al-Shawaifi reveals secrets of total solar eclipse

GMT 20:46 2017 Thursday ,19 October

Qualcomm files lawsuits in China to ban iPhones

GMT 16:53 2017 Saturday ,02 September

Mai importance of gifts during Eid Al-Adha
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
 
 Arab Today Facebook,arab today facebook  Arab Today Twitter,arab today twitter Arab Today Rss,arab today rss  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday
بناية النخيل - رأس النبع _ خلف السفارة الفرنسية _بيروت - لبنان
arabstoday, Arabstoday, Arabstoday