Editor of al-Umma newspaper, Amara Hassan Abdallah Al-Khitabi
Non-governmental organisation Reporters Without Borders (RWB) has urged a court in the Libyan city of Tripoli to dismiss the charges against
Amara Hassan Abdallah Al-Khitabi, the editor of the newspaper al-Umma, ahead of his final hearing on Sunday.
Khitabi is being tried because last November he published a list that included the names of 87 judges and prosecutors allegedly involved in corruption and embezzlement. Following his arrest in December, he was charged with defaming and insulting the judicial system and was held for four months.
Under article 195 of the criminal code, which dates back to the Gaddafi era, the charge carries a possible 15-year jail sentence. The trial began on 18 February.
Khitabi was finally released on April 21 but, due to poor health, he was unable to travel abroad to seek appropriate treatment because his passport was not returned and he remained subject to a ban on international travel.
His lawyer, Ramadan Farag Salem, has meanwhile filed a complaint with the supreme court asking it to declare article 195 unconstitutional in the light of the changes resulting from the February 2011 revolution that brought down Col. Gaddafi’s government.
The article says: \"Anyone who makes what could be regarded as an attack on [Col. Gaddafi’s] Revolution or its leader will be punished with imprisonment. The same sentence must be passed on any person who insults the popular authority or a judicial, defence or security institution.”
In a statement, RWB has called on Libyan authorities of the national and international undertakings to respect freedom of information, expression and opinion that Libya gave immediately after the fall of the Gaddafi regime.
\"The transitional government must display a determination to establish a democratic state in which these freedoms are enshrined instead of being suppressed, as they were in the past,\" the statement says.