Arab Today, arab today european hominids two million years older
Last Updated : GMT 03:05:43
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

Scientific discovery

European hominids two million years older

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today European hominids two million years older

The tooth found in Bulgaria raises questions about human evolution
Sofia - Arabstoday

The tooth found in Bulgaria raises questions about human evolution A team of scientists says hominids lived in Europe as recently as 7 million years ago, based on a discovery in Bulgaria. The find lends credence to the idea that part of modern human evolution occurred outside of Africa. A 7-million-year-old tooth found in Bulgaria has shown that hominids, or humanity's ape ancestors, were still roaming the continent 2 million years later than previously thought.
On Wednesday, scientists from Bulgaria, France and Germany published their findings of the pre-molar tooth found near the town of Chirpan, Bulgaria in the journal Human Evolution.
"The latest data have shown that contrary to the hominids in Western and Central Europe (with the exception of the insular Oreopithecus), hominids from the Eastern Mediterranean may have lived up to 8 to 7.5 [million years ago], preadapted to the more open biotopes of the Balkan-Iranian zoographic province," the team wrote.
Previously, the most recent example of hominid in Europe was the Ouranopithecus macedonensis found in Greece and estimated at 9.2 million years old.
Madelaine Böhme, one of the paper's co-authors and professor of anthropology at the University of Tübingen told Deutsche Welle that the find represented some of the first evidence that hominids living outside of Africa between 7 million and 9 million years ago could have contributed to the evolution of modern humans, or Homo sapiens.
Previously, she explained, the consensus was that while hominids had existed in Europe, they had simply died off, and become extinct. But now, she said, this find fills a gap in the fossil record for hominids in this period and may suggest that European hominids eventually migrated back to Africa.
The period between 7 million and 10 million years ago is very bleak in the fossil record in Africa, she said, with bi-pedal hominids becoming more common starting at around 6 million years ago.
2 million years later
Great apes in Europe were assumed to have become extinct at least 9 million years ago when the terrain transformed from jungle to more of a savannah-type prairie, with scarcer year-round foraging options for fruit.
The find was part of a larger dig that grew out of a quarry in the Azmaka region of Bulgaria. Researchers had already been working the area for several years after other fossils were discovered as a result of a new road being built through the area.
The molar had been discovered in Upper Miocene fluvial sediments by personnel from the National Museum of Natural Science in Sofia, Bulgaria. The Miocene epoch lasted from 23 million years ago until 5.3 million years ago, a period thought to have been characterized by a generally cooling climate as the world headed towards a series of Ice Ages.
In the same layer of sediment as the remains, the scientists found other fossils that suggested savannah-inhabitants, such as the ancestors of antelope, rhinoceros, saber-toothed cats and elephants.
Eating habits
One conclusion drawn by the researchers is that these hominids were able to adapt to the changing environment.
Electron microscope analysis of the well-worn tooth revealed that it had been used to chew harder objects such as grass, seeds and nuts - fare also associated with later African hominids such as "Lucy" or Australopithecus, dating from approximately 4 million years ago.
"These were eating habits that were prerequisite for survival in a savannah-type environment," Böhme told Deutsche Welle.
The researchers were able to draw a lot of conclusions based on one tooth, but Böhme was quick to admit she would have liked more to work with.
"We need more fossils, we need a whole skeleton!" she laughed. "That would be the best, of course."
She added that anthropology as a whole need to re-think where exactly the origins of modern humans are.
"There is increasing evidence, however, that a significant part of human evolution happened outside Africa, in Europe and western Asia," she said.

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today european hominids two million years older Arab Today, arab today european hominids two million years older

 



Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Mohamed Bahari prepares new collection for spring 2017

GMT 06:15 2017 Monday ,27 February

Mohamed Bahari prepares new collection for spring 2017
Arab Today, arab today 17.4 million tourists visit UAE in 2016

GMT 00:47 2017 Monday ,27 February

17.4 million tourists visit UAE in 2016
Arab Today, arab today Sheds light on major steps in 12-year career

GMT 06:07 2017 Monday ,27 February

Sheds light on major steps in 12-year career
Arab Today, arab today UN envoy sets out framework

GMT 07:25 2017 Monday ,27 February

UN envoy sets out framework
Arab Today, arab today Ayat Abaza says state TV presented major stars

GMT 03:52 2017 Sunday ,26 February

Ayat Abaza says state TV presented major stars

GMT 12:37 2017 Saturday ,25 February

Rio's evangelical mayor skips wild carnival start

GMT 09:56 2017 Saturday ,25 February

Solar-powered cinema opens in Burkina ahead of festival

GMT 07:46 2017 Friday ,24 February

UN likely to vote next week on Syria sanctions

GMT 04:10 2017 Friday ,24 February

Saidani to open new art exhibition on 20 March

GMT 11:31 2017 Thursday ,23 February

In hit film, Poland revisits its sexual revolution

GMT 13:14 2017 Wednesday ,22 February

Artist to hatch chicks after being locked in rock

GMT 17:13 2017 Tuesday ,21 February

British Museum trains specialists on renovating areas
View News in Arabic - Culture: أخبار ثقافة
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Penguins in the age of dinos

GMT 11:44 2017 Saturday ,25 February

Penguins in the age of dinos
Arab Today, arab today Pluto's unruly moons

GMT 06:31 2015 Thursday ,04 June

Pluto's unruly moons
Arab Today, arab today 'Constructive' Vauxhall talk with union

GMT 08:54 2017 Saturday ,25 February

'Constructive' Vauxhall talk with union
Arab Today, arab today Tesla back into red but revenue grows

GMT 07:27 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Tesla back into red but revenue grows
Arab Today, arab today Reasons for the delay 'On the Stairs of Servants'

GMT 06:42 2017 Saturday ,25 February

Reasons for the delay 'On the Stairs of Servants'
Arab Today, arab today Ex-yoga missionary unleashes rage

GMT 12:16 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Ex-yoga missionary unleashes rage

GMT 07:23 2017 Friday ,24 February

Ola Ghanem hopes to work with M.Ramadan

GMT 05:14 2017 Thursday ,23 February

UK appoints 1st Scotland Yard chief in 188 years

GMT 18:23 2017 Friday ,24 February

Fadi explains secrets of  Nancy Ajram's newlook

GMT 10:28 2017 Wednesday ,22 February

Milan laughs while Rome cries

GMT 19:45 2017 Monday ,20 February

Sarah Belamesh designs antiques of "ceramic"

GMT 10:51 2017 Saturday ,25 February

Pigs with edited genes show resistance

GMT 14:04 2017 Friday ,24 February

Messi visit will contribute in tourism

GMT 13:12 2015 Saturday ,09 May

Sheikh Sultan opens Sharjah Centre

GMT 01:04 2017 Tuesday ,28 February

Nokia 3310 is back — and so is 'Snake'

GMT 22:42 2017 Thursday ,23 February

Nasima Gamei revives heritage in jewelries
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
 
 Arab Today Facebook,arab today facebook  Arab Today Twitter,arab today twitter Arab Today Rss,arab today rss  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday
بناية النخيل - رأس النبع _ خلف السفارة الفرنسية _بيروت - لبنان
arabstoday, Arabstoday, Arabstoday