Arab Today, arab today sudan pyramids show ‘democratisation’
Last Updated : GMT 02:28:44
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

Sudan pyramids show ‘democratisation’

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today Sudan pyramids show ‘democratisation’

Khartoum - AFP

People power may have come to modern-day Egypt and not Sudan, but the unearthing of ancient pyramids in Egypt’s southern neighbor shows that greater social equality existed there 2,000 years ago, a French archaeologist says. Three years of digging by a French team at Sedeinga, about 200 kms from the Egyptian border, has unearthed 35 pyramids that emphasize the contrast between the two ancient cultures, said Claude Rilly, director of the mission. “Pyramids were so fashionable that everybody that could afford to build one, did,” said Rilly, referring to the latter part of the Meroe kingdom, around 100-200 AD. “So we have really a kind of inflation, what I call a democratization of the pyramid which is without equivalent anywhere, especially in Egypt.” Sudan’s remote and relatively undiscovered pyramids contrast with their grander and better-known cousins to the north. Egyptian pyramids, built far earlier than those in Sudan, held the tombs of kings, the royal family and nobles — but never the middle class, Rilly said. Sudanese royalty also got their pyramids, but later so did many other lesser souls, said the 53-year-old archaeologist, who began studying hieroglyphics when he was only seven. “It reached layers of the population which have never been concerned by building of pyramids in Egypt,” Rilly said. “This is really something new, which we didn’t expect.” That is why there is such a large number. Sometimes they were built so close together, typically in a circular pattern, that there isn’t enough room to squeeze between them. The pyramids are in a necropolis of about 99 acres that is thought to hold more than 1,000 tombs. One quarter have been found and opened so far, he said. The structures come in various sizes, with some no more than a meter (yard) high. All of them were made from mud brick, which wasn’t expensive but still required a designer and workmen to construct. That meant that the poorest people could not afford pyramids but were buried in surrounding pits, he said in his office at Sudan’s National Museum. Archaeologists began work on the site in the 1960s, focusing on a section reserved for princes. But during the past three years they discovered that more common folk had also been buried there. Little remains, however, of Sedeinga’s grandest structure. That was a temple which Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep III built for his wife Queen Tiye, grandmother of the boy pharaoh Tutankhamen. It appears to have been heavily damaged during flooding perhaps around 400 or 500 BC, said Rilly, whose team is funded by the French government and the University of Paris-Sorbonne. Despite the large number of pyramids recently unearthed, little has been found inside because of plundering by tomb raiders, both ancient and modern. But the robbers missed one tomb that has yielded “a rich site” for archaeologists — the skeleton of a child buried with four decorative collars and anklets of bronze. The youngster was four or five years old “and we wondered why they took so much precaution to bury a young child like that,” said Rilly. Egypt occupied northern Sudan for about 500 years until roughly 1,000 BC but its cultural influence faded during the 700-year reign of the Meroe kingdom from about 350 BC. Inscriptions found in the Sedeinga tombs are in Meroitic, a phonetic writing simplified from the Egyptian. Rilly, a world expert in the language, said Meroitic is still little understood. But he has been able to decipher details about the social structure of families, concluding that this part of the necropolis holds “a lot of women.” In one of those female tombs late last year Rilly himself made a rare discovery as he dug amid extreme heat after water entered the structure. He found a sandstone slab bearing an image of the main Egyptian idol Amun. It had originally been part of a wall in Queen Tiye’s temple. Finds like this are rapidly advancing knowledge about the ancestors of today’s Sudanese, said Rilly, who is hopeful of more revelations. The first archaeological digs in Sudan took place only about 100 years ago, much later than in Egypt or Greece. “The field to research is still very open and this is a science... changing all the time. That is very stimulating,” he said.

arabstoday
arabstoday

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today sudan pyramids show ‘democratisation’ Arab Today, arab today sudan pyramids show ‘democratisation’

 



Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today sudan pyramids show ‘democratisation’ Arab Today, arab today sudan pyramids show ‘democratisation’

 



Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Youssra depended on colored foam

GMT 16:53 2017 Tuesday ,05 September

Youssra depended on colored foam
Arab Today, arab today Taxi! Transport gets an overhaul

GMT 12:09 2017 Sunday ,24 September

Taxi! Transport gets an overhaul
Arab Today, arab today Etiquette expert underlines importance of gifts

GMT 17:52 2017 Sunday ,03 September

Etiquette expert underlines importance of gifts
Arab Today, arab today Turkey warns of 'security' steps

GMT 12:17 2017 Sunday ,24 September

Turkey warns of 'security' steps
Arab Today, arab today North Korea 'more opaque'

GMT 10:50 2017 Sunday ,24 September

North Korea 'more opaque'
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Ministry seeks to improve education

GMT 14:49 2017 Sunday ,17 September

Ministry seeks to improve education
Arab Today, arab today 'Lady Beast' fights for girl gamers

GMT 10:27 2017 Sunday ,24 September

'Lady Beast' fights for girl gamers
Arab Today, arab today Psychologists help Mexico deal

GMT 05:05 2017 Sunday ,24 September

Psychologists help Mexico deal
Arab Today, arab today The history of solar eclipses

GMT 05:16 2017 Sunday ,20 August

The history of solar eclipses
Arab Today, arab today Third generation adds more power

GMT 13:40 2017 Sunday ,24 September

Third generation adds more power
Arab Today, arab today Carmakers face billions in European

GMT 12:37 2017 Saturday ,23 September

Carmakers face billions in European
Arab Today, arab today Lebleba is preoccupied in filming 'Back Street'

GMT 08:56 2017 Thursday ,21 September

Lebleba is preoccupied in filming 'Back Street'
Arab Today, arab today Big Western brands polluting oceans

GMT 20:10 2017 Saturday ,23 September

Big Western brands polluting oceans

GMT 08:59 2017 Wednesday ,20 September

Youssra prepares for launching her program

GMT 10:16 2017 Friday ,22 September

All eyes on May as she prepares

GMT 16:53 2017 Saturday ,02 September

Mai importance of gifts during Eid Al-Adha

GMT 12:01 2017 Wednesday ,20 September

Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands brace

GMT 10:46 2017 Saturday ,05 August

Nanis reveals simple ideas for home renovation

GMT 18:11 2017 Saturday ,23 September

Doctor provides advices to families

GMT 13:36 2017 Saturday ,23 September

unveils Joon - the 'millenials' airline

GMT 17:12 2017 Monday ,07 August

Al-Shawaifi reveals secrets of total solar eclipse

GMT 12:46 2017 Thursday ,21 September

Google likely to buy stake in Taiwan smartphone maker HTC

GMT 11:37 2017 Saturday ,12 August

Fashion designer reveals her new collection
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
 
 Arab Today Facebook,arab today facebook  Arab Today Twitter,arab today twitter Arab Today Rss,arab today rss  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday
بناية النخيل - رأس النبع _ خلف السفارة الفرنسية _بيروت - لبنان
arabstoday, Arabstoday, Arabstoday