Arab Today, arab today lost angkor cityscape uncovered
Last Updated : GMT 04:24:12
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

Lost Angkor cityscape uncovered

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today Lost Angkor cityscape uncovered

New York - Arab Today

Archaeologists have found an extensive urban network around the famed city of Angkor in northwestern Cambodia, revealing that the ancient capital was significantly larger than previously thought. In April 2012 researchers used laser technology called Lidar to aerially scan swathes of forested land around three main areas in northwestern Cambodia: the city of Angkor in Siem Reap, the city of Koh Ker northeast of Angkor and Phnom Kulen mountain. It was the first archaeological survey of its kind in Asia. The peer-reviewed findings of the survey, published last week in the \"Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA,\" revealed a dense urban sprawl around Angkor, where \"the intensity of land-use and the extent of urban and agricultural space have both been dramatically underestimated\" up until this point. \"The Lidar reveals clearly that the formalized, urban center of the city of Angkor extends over at least 35 square kilometers, rather than simply the nine square kilometers conventionally recognized within the walls of Angkor Thom,\" the paper reads. A vast network of roads and canals Damian Evans, an archaeologist at the University of Sydney, told DW that while researchers essentially knew the walls and moats of central temples at Angkor enclosed a grid of streets and canals, they were surprised to find that this pattern extended far beyond the temple walls. Evans coordinated an eight-member consortium that conducted the survey, which included the Cambodian government\'s APSARA Authority, the École Française d\'Extrême-Orient and the Archaeology and Development Foundation (ADF). Messy, complicated ancient cities The Lidar scanner transmitted millions of laser pulses that penetrated thick foliage blanketing the three areas. Researchers used software to strip away the vegetation to reveal a detailed, three-dimensional map of the landscape, including subtle impressions left by features such as roads, canals, ponds and mounds. Fieldwork was subsequently conducted to verify the Lidar data. \"This traditional view of Angkor as a nice succession of formally planned spaces, as kings laying out their city with a nice city wall or a nice temple wall and building a city inside, is fundamentally incorrect,\" Evans said. \"Cities were much messier, much more complicated and much more intricate than people previously assumed.\" David Chandler, a leading historian of Cambodia, told DW that Lidar would \"enlarge our understanding of Angkor in many fascinating ways\". \"Since none of the LIDARed material can be dated yet, it is hard to connect the data with the rise and fall of Angkor,\" he said. \"Some of the new temples, however, might have valuable information.\" Mountain city mapped According to the paper, the newly discovered urban landscape on Phnom Kulen mountain corresponded with the 8th-9th century capital of Mahendraparvata, which is described in early Khmer inscriptions.  Researchers used the scanner to strip away the vegetation to reveal a three-dimensional map of the landscape Jean-Baptiste Chevance, program director and senior archaeologist at ADF - the primary organization conducting the archaeological work at Phnom Kulen - told DW they discovered a network of roads linking previously known sites on the mountain and documented new urban features. \"Basically, we have the map of the city,\" he said, adding that ADF was conducting ground verification of the Lidar data. \"We believe that this corresponds with the city called Mahendraparvata, because we knew the city was there before. We just didn\'t know which shape it had.\" Evans said the Lidar data revealed that the 10th century Khmer capital of Koh Ker had an extremely sophisticated water management system. He added that the Lidar data has implications for understanding the sustainability of the Angkor settlement, and researchers could create more accurate population growth and development models of early Khmer cities. Heritage protection The findings were announced as delegates gathered in the Cambodian capital Phnom Penh for the annual UNESCO World Heritage Committee meeting, in which 19 new sites were added to the World Heritage List. Both Angkor and the 11th-century Preah Vihear temple - perched on the edge of a precipice overlooking Thailand - are included on the list for Cambodia. The heritage-protected Angkor region currently does not include Phnom Kulen, but ADF\'s Chevance said it was on Cambodia\'s tentative list for World Heritage status. Anne Lemaistre, head of UNESCO in Cambodia, told DW the original intention was to include Phnom Kulen when Angkor was inscribed on the list 20 years ago, but security conditions at the time did not permit it.  A network of roadways and canals was discovered, linking Cambodia\'s famed Angkor Wat temple complex \"We didn\'t have access,\" she said. \"All the roads were mined and even going to Banteay Srei [temple], which has been inscribed, was problematic.\" Lemaistre added that efforts to seek heritage protection for Phnom Kulen were revived last December. Im Sokrithy, APSARA communications director and co-author of the paper, said via email that the Lidar survey\'s findings would add value to Cambodia\'s application for protected status for Phnom Kulen. He added that the findings were \"an absolute revelation\". \"We will use it as sources and tools for future archaeological research on the region, land-use planning, tourism planning, revising the ancient hydraulic system for controlling the water flow, avoiding the annual flooding of Angkor and the city of Siem Reap and [storing] the water for use during the dry season,\" Im Sokrithy said. Further surveys hoped Sydney University\'s Evans said the consortium was raising funds to conduct another Lidar survey at various sites in Cambodia in 2014. He added that ancient cities now being uncovered in Southeast Asia and Central America bore a striking resemblance to the structure of some twentieth century cities, with densely populated downtown areas surrounded by a vast urban sprawl. \"The point is to better understand the trajectory of the growth and decline of these ancient civilizations and their cities, and the implications essentially for contemporary urban life and for urban futures,\" Evans said. DW

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today lost angkor cityscape uncovered Arab Today, arab today lost angkor cityscape uncovered


Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Jordan airline suggests flyers 'talk'

GMT 11:59 2017 Friday ,24 March

Jordan airline suggests flyers 'talk'
Arab Today, arab today 5 Crafty Must-Have Limited-Budget Ideas

GMT 17:03 2017 Saturday ,25 March

5 Crafty Must-Have Limited-Budget Ideas
Arab Today, arab today Rebel supporters flood Yemen streets

GMT 06:39 2017 Monday ,27 March

Rebel supporters flood Yemen streets
View News in Arabic - Culture: أخبار الثقافة والفنون
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Yemen children dream of school

GMT 07:25 2017 Friday ,24 March

Yemen children dream of school
Arab Today, arab today Trump to roll back Obama clean power plan

GMT 11:10 2017 Monday ,27 March

Trump to roll back Obama clean power plan
Arab Today, arab today Prepares to give stargazers an eyeful

GMT 13:38 2017 Monday ,06 March

Prepares to give stargazers an eyeful
Arab Today, arab today Uber grounds self-driving cars

GMT 09:11 2017 Monday ,27 March

Uber grounds self-driving cars
Arab Today, arab today Audi RS 5 Coupe acquires new design

GMT 13:22 2017 Thursday ,23 March

Audi RS 5 Coupe acquires new design
Arab Today, arab today Nermein Al Fekki films “Foxes in the Valley”

GMT 09:58 2017 Saturday ,25 March

Nermein Al Fekki films “Foxes in the Valley”
Arab Today, arab today Salvage of South Korea's Sewol ferry

GMT 04:51 2017 Friday ,24 March

Salvage of South Korea's Sewol ferry

GMT 06:21 2017 Friday ,24 March

MP submits a petition to dismiss university head

GMT 18:57 2017 Tuesday ,21 March

Accessories designer reveals her new collection

GMT 15:25 2017 Tuesday ,21 March

2017 already marked

GMT 13:26 2017 Friday ,24 February

Expresses Algerian history by woody figures

GMT 20:03 2017 Saturday ,25 March

Health expert warns from dust sensitivity

GMT 07:36 2017 Wednesday ,22 March

US, Britain ban laptops on flights

GMT 06:31 2015 Thursday ,04 June

Pluto's unruly moons

GMT 19:27 2017 Saturday ,11 March

Boualsof launches "Priestess Kahina" collection
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
 Arab Today Facebook,arab today facebook  Arab Today Twitter,arab today twitter Arab Today Rss,arab today rss  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
بناية النخيل - رأس النبع _ خلف السفارة الفرنسية _بيروت - لبنان
arabstoday, Arabstoday, Arabstoday