Novelist, playwright, screenwriter and essayist Gore Vidal, died Tuesday at his home in Los Angeles from complications of pneumonia, his family said. He was 86. Vidal, who applied his iconoclastic and sometimes scolding manner to politics as well as his writing, died at his home in the Hollywood Hills, his nephew, Burr Steers, told the Los Angeles Times. In addition to historical novels on Abraham Lincoln and Aaron Burr, Vidal wrote satires including \"Myra Breckinridge,\" and plays including \"Visit to a Small Planet\" and \"The Best Man.\" He won a National Book Award in 1993 for \"United States Essays, 1952-1992.\" He received an Emmy nomination in 1986 for \"Dress Gray,\" a murder mystery starring Eddie Albert, Lloyd Bridges, Hal Holbrook and Alec Baldwin set at a military academy. Vidal was born Eugene Luther Gore Vidal, Oct. 3, 1925, at in West Point, N.Y. He ran for public office twice -- for the Senate in California and for Congress in New York. His screenplay credits include \"Suddenly, Last Summer\" (1959), \"Is Paris Burning?\" (1966) and \"Caligula\" (1979).