Arab Today, arab today auctioned napoleon blows up kremlin
Last Updated : GMT 06:04:49
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today

Auctioned Napoleon blows up Kremlin

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today Auctioned Napoleon blows up Kremlin

Paris - AFP

A coded letter in which Napoleon Bonaparte vows to blow up the Kremlin goes under the hammer near Paris in December, 200 years after the French invasion of Russia. \"I will blow up the Kremlin on the 22nd at three am,\" reads the missive written in numbers and signed \"Nap\", expected to fetch between 10,000 and 15,000 euros (13,000 to 20,000 dollars) at the sale in Fontainebleau. Dated October 20, 1812, the day after Napoleon retreated from the centre of Moscow, it is addressed to his external relations minister Hugues-Bernard Maret. Napoleon\'s order was carried out by Marshal Mortier, who destroyed several towers and sections of wall at the Kremlin, at the time both an imperial palace and military fortress. The towers were later rebuilt identically. \"Letters written by Napoleon from Russia are rare,\" said Alain Nicolas, expert for the auctioneer Ocenat. \"Many were lost, probably intercepted by the Russians.\" In the letter, currently in private hands, Napoleon asks his minister to gather supplies and to find more horses for his troops, many of which had perished in the freezing weather bearing down on the region. Another star lot of the sale, an \"Essay on campaign fortification\" dictated and annotated by Napoleon while in exile on the British island of Saint Helena, the fallen emperor mulls over the outcome of the Russian invasion. \"It should not be called a retreat since the army was victorious,\" he writes of the campaign, today seen as a turning point in the Napoleonic wars that dramatically weakened French power in Europe. Napoleon\'s army entered Moscow on September 14, 1812, but much of the population had already fled and the emperor was forced to leave without securing a formal victory over Alexander I, embarking on a disastrous westward retreat. \"Napoleon argued that the Russian winter was his sole victor, insisting the campaign would have gone differently had it taken place three months earlier,\" explained the auction house. \"While in exile on Saint Helena, Napoleon kept endlessly mulling over his battle and military strategy, dictating to the loyal General Bertrand,\" added Jean-Christophe Chataignier, head of Empire department at the house. The \"Essay\", which comes from General Bertrand\'s family, is part of a lot of 180 double-sided manuscript pages and 44 sketches, dated between July 1818 and August 1819 and estimated at 60,000 to 80,000 euros.

arabstoday
arabstoday

Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today auctioned napoleon blows up kremlin Arab Today, arab today auctioned napoleon blows up kremlin

 



Name *

E-mail *

Comment Title*

Comment *

: Characters Left

Mandatory *

Terms of use

Publishing Terms: Not to offend the author, or to persons or sanctities or attacking religions or divine self. And stay away from sectarian and racial incitement and insults.

I agree with the Terms of Use

Security Code*

Arab Today, arab today auctioned napoleon blows up kremlin Arab Today, arab today auctioned napoleon blows up kremlin

 



Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Youssra depended on colored foam

GMT 16:53 2017 Tuesday ,05 September

Youssra depended on colored foam
Arab Today, arab today Egypt tourism revival steady but slow

GMT 16:04 2017 Tuesday ,19 September

Egypt tourism revival steady but slow
Arab Today, arab today Etiquette expert underlines importance of gifts

GMT 17:52 2017 Sunday ,03 September

Etiquette expert underlines importance of gifts
Arab Today, arab today France opens door to post-2025 talks

GMT 05:16 2017 Wednesday ,20 September

France opens door to post-2025 talks
Arab Today, arab today Equifax executives step down

GMT 16:16 2017 Saturday ,16 September

Equifax executives step down
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today Ministry seeks to improve education

GMT 14:49 2017 Sunday ,17 September

Ministry seeks to improve education
Arab Today, arab today New Zealand opposition looks

GMT 10:35 2017 Thursday ,14 September

New Zealand opposition looks
Arab Today, arab today 5,000 'Dieselgate' deaths in Europe per year

GMT 19:18 2017 Monday ,18 September

5,000 'Dieselgate' deaths in Europe per year
Arab Today, arab today The history of solar eclipses

GMT 05:16 2017 Sunday ,20 August

The history of solar eclipses
Arab Today, arab today Five trends at the Frankfurt auto show

GMT 12:04 2017 Monday ,18 September

Five trends at the Frankfurt auto show
Arab Today, arab today Renault-Nissan to launch

GMT 10:44 2017 Saturday ,16 September

Renault-Nissan to launch
Arab Today, arab today Eman Al Assy receives three offers

GMT 06:31 2017 Saturday ,16 September

Eman Al Assy receives three offers
Arab Today, arab today 'Severe' Typhoon Doksuri pounds Vietnam

GMT 15:49 2017 Friday ,15 September

'Severe' Typhoon Doksuri pounds Vietnam

GMT 11:10 2017 Friday ,15 September

Fadl Shaker retreats from surrendering himself

GMT 05:05 2017 Tuesday ,12 September

Pregnant woman's suicide roils China

GMT 16:53 2017 Saturday ,02 September

Mai importance of gifts during Eid Al-Adha

GMT 10:25 2017 Thursday ,14 September

Greece fumbled oil spill response

GMT 10:46 2017 Saturday ,05 August

Nanis reveals simple ideas for home renovation

GMT 04:26 2017 Wednesday ,20 September

Opioid overdose deaths take 2.5 months

GMT 21:57 2017 Sunday ,17 September

Russia and Iraq restore air travel

GMT 17:12 2017 Monday ,07 August

Al-Shawaifi reveals secrets of total solar eclipse

GMT 12:56 2017 Friday ,15 September

Apple's grand plan in Ireland held up by a forest

GMT 11:37 2017 Saturday ,12 August

Fashion designer reveals her new collection
Arab Today, arab today
Arab Today, arab today
 
 Arab Today Facebook,arab today facebook  Arab Today Twitter,arab today twitter Arab Today Rss,arab today rss  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube  Arab Today Youtube,arab today youtube
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday arabstoday arabstoday
arabstoday
بناية النخيل - رأس النبع _ خلف السفارة الفرنسية _بيروت - لبنان
arabstoday, Arabstoday, Arabstoday