Arab Today, arab today learning disabilities affect up to 10 of children
Last Updated : GMT 21:53:08
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Learning disabilities affect up to 10% of children

Arab Today, arab today

Arab Today, arab today Learning disabilities affect up to 10% of children

Tehran - FNA

Up to 10 percent of the people are affected by specific learning disabilities (SLDs), such as dyslexia, dyscalculia and autism, translating to 2 or 3 pupils in every classroom, a new study suggested.The study, published in Science journal, also indicated that children are frequently affected by more than one learning disability.The research helps to clarify the underlying causes of learning disabilities and the best way to tailor individual teaching and learning for affected individuals and education professionals.Specific learning disabilities arise from atypical brain development with complicated genetic and environmental causes, causing such conditions as dyslexia, dyscalculia, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder and specific language impairment.While these conditions in isolation already provide a challenge for educators, an additional problem is that specific learning disabilities also co-occur for more often that would be expected. As, for example, in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, 33 to 45 percent also suffer from dyslexia and 11 percent from dyscalculia.\"We now know that there are many disorders of neurological development that can give rise to learning disabilities, even in children of normal or even high intelligence, and that crucially these disabilities can also co-occur far more often that you\'d expect based on their prevalence,\" lead author Professor Brian Butterworth said.\"We are also finally beginning to find effective ways to help learners with one or more SLDs, and although the majority of learners can usually adapt to the one-size-fits-all approach of whole class teaching, those with SLDs will need specialized support tailored to their unique combination of disabilities,\" he added.As part of the study, Professor Butterworth and Dr. Yulia Kovas have summarized what is currently known about SLD\'s neural and genetic basis to help clarify what is causing these disabilities to develop, helping to improve teaching for individual learners, and also training for school psychologists, clinicians and teachers.What the team hope is that by developing an understanding of how individual differences in brain development interact with formal education, and also adapting learning pathways to individual needs, those with specific learning disabilities will produce more tailored education for such learners.Each child has a unique cognitive and genetic profile, and the educational system should be able to monitor and adapt to the learner\'s current repertoire of skills and knowledge,\" Professor Butterworth said.\"A promising approach involves the development of technology-enhanced learning applications -- such as games -- that are capable of adapting to individual needs for each of the basic disciplines,\" he added.

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